The papers and documents listed below provide background on the Handle System and the Handle.Net technology. Some of the files may no longer be available.
Sean Reilly, Robert Tupelo-Schneck, "Digital Object Repository Server: A Component of the Digital Object Architecture", D-Lib Magazine, Vol. 16, No. 1/2, January/February 2010 [doi:10.1045/january2010-reilly]
Manepalli, Giridhar, "Federation of Metadata Registries". Presented at the International Conference on Semantic Web and Digital Libraries (ICSD-2007), Bangalore, India, February 21-23, 2007.
Paskin, Norman. "ITU - Telecommunication Standardization Sector", Focus Group on Identity Management: Geneva 13 - 16 February 2007, informational paper by Norman Paskin, Tertius Ltd.
Paskin, Norman. "Naming and Meaning of Digital Objects" (pre-print). Paper reviewed and accepted for publication as part of 2nd International Conference on Automated Production of Cross Media Content for Multi-channel Distribution, Leeds, UK, December 2006.
Paskin, Norman. "Naming and Meaning: key to the management of intellectual property in digital media" (pre-print). Paper reviewed and accepted for publication as part of The Europe-China Conference on Intellectual Property in Digital Media (IPDM06), Shanghai, October 2006.
Kahn, Robert and Wilensky, Robert. "A Framework for Distributed Digital Object Services". International Journal on Digital Libraries, Springer, Volume 6, Number 2, April 2006 [ doi:10.1007/s00799-005-0128-x ] (First published by the authors in May 1995.) Reproduced with permission of the publisher at http://www.doi.org/topics/2006_05_02_Kahn_Framework.pdf.
Henry Jerez, Giridhar Manepalli, Christophe Blanchi, and Larry Lannom, "ADL-R: The First Instance of a CORDRA Registry", D-Lib Magazine, February 2006. [doi:10.1045/february2006-jerez]
Giridhar Manepalli, Henry Jerez, and Michael L. Nelson, "FeDCOR: An Institutional CORDRA Registry", D-Lib Magazine, February 2006. [doi:10.1045/february2006-manepalli]
Perkin, Julian. "Avoiding identity crises", in Financial Times,1 December 2004, Part two of a two-part feature. (FT.com is available by subscription only.)
Perkin, Julian. "Getting a handle on data", FT-IT review, in Financial Times, 17 November 2004, Part one of a two-part feature. (FT.com is available by subscription only.)
Dyson, Esther. Reprint of "Digital Object Architecture and the Handle System", In "Online Registries: The DNS and Beyond...", Release 1.0, Esther Dyson's Monthly Report, September 2003, pp. 22 - 28.
MacKenzie Smith, et al. "DSpace: An Open Source Dynamic Digital Repository", D-Lib Magazine, Vol 9, No. 1, January 2003.
Wildstron, Stephen H. "A Library to End All Libraries". Business Week, July, 23, 2001.
Kahn, Robert E and Lyons, Patrice A., "Representing Value as Digital Objects: A Discussion of Transferability and Anonymity". D-Lib Magazine, May 2001. [doi:10.1045/may2001-kahn]
Blanchi, Christophe & Petrone, Jason. "Distributed Interoperable Metadata Registry", D-Lib Magazine, Vol 7, No. 12, December 2001.
WWW10 "Establishing Persistent Identity Using the Handle System", paper by Sam X. Sun, Tenth International World Wide Web Conference, Hong Kong, May 2001.
W3C Technology and Society Domain. "Minutes from the Session: Architecture - Standards and Interoperability", Laurence Lannom, February 2001.
Zaret, Elliot. "Internet Pioneer Urges Overhaul", Interview with Robert E. Kahn, CNRI. MSNBC, November 21, 2000. Reprinted by the International DOI Foundation with permission from MSNBC Interactive News L.L.C.
IFLANET "Handle System Overview", presentation by Laurence Lannom, 66th IFLA Council and General Conference, Jerusalem, Israel, 13-18 August 2000.
MIT "Competitive Evaluation of PURLs", Larry Stone, Project Notebook: Persistent Naming of Network Resources, or The Handle System at MIT, 22 March 2000.
Sun, Sam X. "Internationalization of the Handle System - A Persistent Global Name Service"; a paper presented at the 12th International Unicode Conference in Tokyo, April 1998.
Cross-Industry Working Team (XIWT). "Managing Access to Digital Information". May 1997.
Arms, W., Blanchi, C., Overly, E., "An Architecture for Information in Digital Libraries". D-Lib Magazine, February 1997.
Kahn, Robert and Wilensky, Robert. "A Framework for Distributed Digital Object Services". May 1995.